Literature

activematters | Plagiarism

A Definition

Plagiarism is defined in dictionaries as the "wrongful appropriation," "close imitation," or "purloining and publication" of another person’s “language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions," and the representation of them as one's own original work.

Many people think of plagiarism as copying another's work, or borrowing someone else's original ideas. But terms like "copying" and "borrowing" can disguise the seriousness of the offence.  To plagiarise means:

  • to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own
  • to use (another's production) without crediting the source
  • to commit literary theft
  • to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source.

In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud. It involves both stealing someone else's work and lying about it afterward.

Plagiarism in Education and Learning

Within education, plagiarism by students, teachers, or researchers is considered academic dishonesty or academic fraud, and offenders are subject to academic censure, up to and including expulsion.

Some individuals caught plagiarizing in academic or journalistic contexts claim that they plagiarized unintentionally, by failing to include quotations or give the appropriate citation or reference.

While plagiarism in scholarship has a centuries-old history, the development of the Internet as a source where articles appear as electronic text, has made the physical act of copying the work of others much easier.

Plagiarism can be punished by sanctions ranging from suspension to termination, along with the loss of credibility and integrity. Charges of plagiarism against students are typically heard by internal disciplinary committees, which students have agreed to be bound by.

All of the following are considered plagiarism:

  • turning in someone else's work as your own
  • copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit
  • failing to put a quotation in quotation marks
  • giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation
  • changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit
  • copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not.

All of the above information was taken from the following two sources.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plagiarism

http://www.plagiarism.org/plag_article_what_is_plagiarism.html

If plagiarism is suspected it must be reported to the Centre Manager.

The centre manager will endeavour to locate the original source and then conduct a test to ascertain if the work has been plagiarised.

The centre manager will arrange a meeting with the learner to give them an opportunity to declare that they have plagiarised.

The learner will be given the opportunity to re-write the piece of work.

The centre manager will have the right to look at all work for this learner.

The centre manager does have the right to remove a learner from a programme  if the plagiarism is persistent.

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