Annual Report of the Chief Medical Officer
Surveillance Volume, 2012 On the State of the Public’s Health
Chapter 5: Diet, physical activity and obesity – Chapter author: Harry Rutter1,2
1 Senior Clinical Research Fellow, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
2 Strategic and Scientific Adviser, Public Health England
In 2012, around 28% of children aged 2 to 15 were overweight or obese, with no substantial difference in prevalence between the sexes.2 The differences between prevalence of obesity in the most and least deprived areas are shown by the National Childhood Measurement Programme: in 2012/13, almost 25% of Year 6 children living in the most deprived areas were obese, compared with 12% in the least deprived areas. These differences appear to be increasing over time. Obesity in children is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, asthma, obstructive sleep apnoea, musculoskeletal problems and cardiovascular disease.